Sânmihaiu Român Commune




Sânmihaiu Român (Rumänisch-Sankt-Michael in German, Bégaszentmihály in Hungarian, alternatively Oláhszentmihály) is a commune in the Timiș county, Banat, Romania, consisting of the Sânmihaiu German, Sânmihaiu Român (seat) and Utvin villages.

It is located in the Timiş plain on the Bega Canal.

Sânmihaiu Român was documentarily mentioned in 1327. Until 1911 the commune was called Oláhszentmihály, and from then until the Romanian administration, Bégaszentmihály.

Sânmihaiu Român is a commune in the Timiș county, consisting of 3 villages, located in the Timiș plain, on the Bega Canal. The commune is situated in the centre of the county at a distance of 13.2 km from the Timișoara municipality, with an area of ​​88.5 square km.

Utvin is 3.2 km away and Sînmihaiu German is 4.9 km away from the commune seat. The commune has a road link with Timișoara via the DJ591 road and has access to the railway network, having 2 stops (Utvin, Sînmihaiu Român) on the 926 Timișoara- Cruceni route.

There is not a lot of available data about the past of the commune. The Sînmihaiu Român village was first mentioned documentarily in 1327, and the Sînmihaiu German and Utvin villages in 1333. The village of Sînmihaiu German is famous for its natural springs with thermal water. The German colonies that were carried out here in 1717 and 1808 gave it its name.

According to the census carried out in 2011, the population of the Sânmihaiu Român commune amounts to 6,121 inhabitants, increasing compared to the previous census in 2002 when there were 4,396 inhabitants. Most of the inhabitants are Romanians (88.01%), with a minority of Hungarians (2.45%). For 7.47% of the population, the ethnicity is unknown. From a confessional point of view, most of the inhabitants are Orthodox (73.7%), but there are also Pentecostal (9.67%), Roman Catholic (3.97%), and Baptist (1.32%) minorities. For 7.76% of the population, the confessional membership is unknown.