Moșnița Nouă Commune



Moşniţa Nouă (Neumoschnitza in German, Újmosnica in Hungarian) is a commune in the Timiş county, Banat, Romania, consisting of the Albina, Moşniţa Nouă (seat locality), Moşniţa Veche, Rudicica and Urseni villages. The total population of the commune is 7,084 persons.

Moşniţa Nouă is located on the DJ592 county road, which connects Timişoara to Buziaş, at approximately 8 km from the centre of Timişoara, but recently practically adjacent to its limits, the dividing area between Moşniţa Nouă and the county seat having experienced strong urban development in recent years. The distance to the other villages of the commune is small and Moşniţa Nouă is located in the centre of the commune’s territory, connected to the other villages by communal roads, with Moşniţa Veche 1.8 km to the north, Urseni 3 km to the south, Albina 3 km to east and Rudicica to the southwest. Urban development has led to a decrease in the real distance between the constituent localities and the nearest buildings in Moşnița Nouă and Veche are less than 250 m apart.

As its name suggests, the Moşniţa Nouă locality is relatively newly established, having a little over 100 years of existence. It was founded in 1902 by Hungarian settlers from the Bekes County and the Hungarian town of Szentes. They were brought here by the Austro-Hungarian administration that ordered the old inhabitants to be dispossessed of the necessary lands, the area of the current site to be deforested and also ordered the construction of the new settlement exclusively of ethnic Hungarians. Over time, Moşnița Nouă surpassed the old settlement, Moşniţa Veche (documentarily certified since 1332) in terms of importance and became the seat of the commune with the same name.

According to the census carried out in 2011, the population of the Moşnița Nouă commune is 6,203 inhabitants, higher than the previous census in 2002, when there were 4,298 inhabitants. Most of the inhabitants are Romanian (82.17%), with a minority of Hungarians (8.79%). For 6.88% of the population, the ethnicity is unknown. From the confessional point of view, most of the inhabitants are Orthodox (69.64%), but there are also Pentecostal (9.72%), Roman Catholic (6.46%), Reformed (4.66%) and Baptist (1.06%) minorities. For 7.04% of the population, the confessional membership is unknown.