Giarmata Commune

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Giarmata, alternatively Ghiarmata (Iarmota in Romanian – 1924, Jahrmarkt in German, Temesgyarmat in Hungarian, “Colonia Timișului” or Timiș colony in translation) is a commune in the Timiș county, Banat, Romania, consisting of the Cerneteaz and Giarmata (seat) villages.

The locality is situated about 14 km northeast of the Timișoara municipality, to which it is connected via the DJ691 Timișoara – Lipova county road and the Timișoara- Radna railway (213) with a railway station at Giarmata.

Traces of Neolithic settlements, as well as materials of Dacian-Roman origin, were discovered on the territory of the commune. In the feudal period, there was a powerful voivodeship – the Giarmata voivodaeship – which was mentioned in documents in 1241. The commune was documentarily mentioned around 1334-1335, in the papal tax registers, under the name Zamor Gormat or Garmad.

According to the 2011 census, the Giarmata commune population amounts to 6,502 inhabitants, having increased from the previous census in 2002, when there were 5,407 inhabitants. Most of the inhabitants are Romanians (88.63%), with a minority of Roma (1.65%). For 7.84% of the population, the ethnicity is unknown. From the confessional point of view, most of the inhabitants are Orthodox (80.27%), but there are also minorities of Pentecostals (6.31%) and Roman Catholics (2.6%). For 7.95% of the population, the confessional membership is unknown.