Dudeștii Noi Commune

Dudeştii Noi (the old name in Romanian being Beşenova Nouă, Neubeschenowa in German, Ujbesenyö in Hungarian) is the seat village of the commune with the same name in the Timiş county, Banat, Romania.

The Dudeştii Noi commune is located 13.5 km from Timișoara. The town borders to the west with Becicherecu Mic, to the northwest with Hodoni and Satchinez, to the east with Sînandrei and Timișoara, and to the south with Săcălaz. The connections are provided by the communal roads and the Timișoara – Cenad railway. Moreover, the locality has an exit to the DN6 national road, Timișoara – Sânnicolau Mare – Cenad – Hungarian border.

The Dudeştii Noi commune is crossed in the southern and eastern part by Bega Veche, the old course of the Bega River before the canal construction, and now a continuation of Beregsău. Most of the marshes of the past have been dried out and now occupy a very small area. To stop the pond phenomenon favoured by low slopes and clay soils that allow water stagnation, a system of canals was built and linked to Bega Veche.

The first documentary attestation of the locality appeared in 1333 under the name of Bessenovo. Johann Oßwald, the leader of 60 families (290 persons), settled in Beşenova Nouă coming from the Austro-German regions of Mainz, Trier and Lothringen under the guidance of Maria Theresa in 1748. The Catholic Church in the locality, now a historical monument, was built in the years 1750-1751.

According to the latest statistics in 2016, the population of the Dudeştii Noi commune is 3.343 inhabitants, increasing compared to 2011 when there were 2,970 inhabitants. Most of the inhabitants are Romanians (86.66%). The main minorities are Roma (5.33%), Hungarians (1.45%), Germans (1.38%), plus Ukrainians, Serbs, Slovaks and for 4.5% of the population the ethnicity is unknown.