Becicherecu Mic Commune




Becicherecu Mic is located 17 km northwest of Timișoara, on the DN6 national road between Timișoara – Sânnicolau Mare – Cenad. The locality is also linked to the Timișoara – Cenad railway, which passes south, with the Pescăreţul Mic station.

From the administrative point of view, Becicherecu Mic is bordered to the north by Hodoni, to the east by Dudeștii Noi, to the south-east by Săcălaz, to the south by Beregsău Mare, to the west by Iecea Mică and Iecea Mare and to the northwest by Biled.

A complex historical process unfolded in the ethnographic space. The first historical data regarding the Becicherecu Mic commune was documentarily mentioned in 1232 and it was called Terra Potkerequ. A hundred years later, it was documentarily certified in 1332. In 1462 it was given to the Hagymasy family in Beregsău. During the Ottoman occupation of Banat (1552-1716), the name derived from Crucea (Cross), being placed on Dealul Crucii (Cross Hill). After the Banat being reconquered by the Habsburg Empire (in 1717), the imperial administration recorded the locality as Peschered, Pescăreț in Romanian – ponds with fish. In the era of instability and collapse of the feudalism in Banat, the territory passed as a relay from one hand of foreign domination to another: Turkish, Austrian, Austro-Hungarian. Stages of economic, social and cultural stagnation and regression occur.

In 1723, on the map of General Mercy, Karte des Temesvarer Banates, the locality first appeared as „Becicherecu Mic”. The origin comes through rhoticism from the proper noun of Pechereky – the name of a landowner. Later, in 1743 – it was called Bezsierek.

In 1784, new colonists from Austria and Germany began to arrive. 116 houses were built for them.

Between 1920 and 1925, the locality was named Ţichindeal, after the name of the scholar Dimitrie Ţichindeal, born here in 1775, and the railway station in the locality was called Pescărețul Mic.

According to the census carried out in 2011, the population of the Becicherecu Mic commune amounts to 2,853 inhabitants, increasing compared to the previous census in 2002, when 2,417 inhabitants were registered. Most of the inhabitants are Romanian (83.49%). The main minorities are Roma (2.8%), Serbs (1.79%), Hungarians (1.51%), Ukrainians (1.4%) and Germans (1.16%). For 7.43% of the population, the ethnicity is unknown.

From the confessional point of view, most of the inhabitants are Orthodox (76.41%), but there are also Roman Catholic (5.71%), Pentecostal (5.64%), Baptist (1.37%) and Serbian Orthodox (1.23%) minorities. For 7.85% of the population, the confessional membership is not known.